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Debt to Income Ratio (DTI)

Debt to Income Ratio (DTI)

The Debt- to Income Ratio constitutes an essential aspect of Personal Loans. Using it the right way has become a matter of concern. Why? Because, undoubtedly, your debt to income ratio is one leading factor that affects your credit score. DTI mostly comes in handy when you wish to avail of a loan, and that is why it needs to arrive with careful consideration of numbers.


In financial jargon, DTI compares an individual’s monthly debt payment to their monthly gross income. Your gross income does not include taxes and other deductions. In other words, the debt- to income ratio measures the amount of income generation by a person or an organization in order to service debt.

To calculate DTI, all you need to have is a firm grasp of numbers. The formula, so closest to keeping track of your loans, can be experimented with as follows-


For instance- Supposing you pay $1,200 for your mortgage, $400 for your car, $400 for the rest of your debts each month. In order to calculate your gross monthly debt payments, you need to add $1,200 + $400 + $400 which totals to $2,000. If your gross monthly income is $56,000, your debt-to-income ratio will be based upon dividing your debt generated, i.e., $2.000 to gross monthly income, i.e., $56,000, which comes to 33%. In the same way, if your gross monthly income is lower, it will have an adverse impact on your DTI. Hence, it all depends on how well your debts are generated and income.

While applying for a mortgage, the lender will take into consideration your finances, which includes your credit flows, gross monthly income and how much money is in store for a down payment. And that is where the debt-to-income ratio comes to play because the lender will be interested in knowing how much you can afford for a house.

Lenders are more into seeing a debt-to-income ratio, preferably smaller than 36%. However, in most cases, a higher ratio of 43% is acceptable, through which a borrower can get a qualified mortgage. But above this, it can lead to the decline of your loan application. So you must act wisely.